ocated in the North-East Africa or “Horn of Africa, covers an area of 1.104 million km2. Formerly Abyssinia the present Ethiopia is a country with a long and pride- worthy history. This has been attested by historians of the various ages. For instance, in his book entitled peryplus of the Eritrean sea a certain Greek merchant has described the Axumite civilization of the time in which he states that the seaport known by the name of Adulis was the 3rd seaport in the world outside of the Mediterranean.
Ethiopia is the country of amazing contrast and fascinating diversity. She is composed of soaring rugged mountains, roaring giant rivers, undulating plains and sharp cliffs. The outstanding Land marks are the central highlands and the lowlands of the east and the south.
Ethiopia has several millennia of history. Going back as far as 3000 B.C. and beyond, this land was known as one of the major seafaring powers of the world. In those days, it ranked among the four great powers of the time. The 3.5 million years old remains of ‘Lucy’ (Australopithecus Afarensis) and the much older (4.4 million years) fossil of the Homo Ramides make Ethiopia one of the earliest inhabited places in the world. Similarly, the earliest hand tools discovered in it make it the origin of modern technology. The culture of the people is diverse and colorful. This is manifested in the various languages, throbbing music, attractive hairdos, and friendly attitudes of the people. As a cultural mosaic, Ethiopia is a multi- ethnic state. There are a beauty of fascinating costumes, color ceremonies and celebrations, arts, crafts, music and dance that distinguish Ethiopia to diminutive Africa.
Ethiopia is the land of stunning beauty. This is where breath-taking mountain scenery contrasts and merges with silent gorges and deep chasm. The chain of mountain ranges stretching from Tigray & wollo in the north through the central highlands of shewa and extending in a southeasterly curve to Harar and Bale constitute a giant screen of captivating imagery and color.
Ethiopia is blessed with most of the beauties of nature. Her deep valleys, roaring rivers, meandering streams, jagged mountains, secluded monasteries, and minaret-topped mosques are all fascinating to see. The numerous parks and hot spring are also tantalizing and refreshing. Climatic variations and the isolated forbidding nature of her highlands have made Ethiopia a unique habitat for rare plants, mammals and birds. The parks, reserves and sanctuaries ensure the protection & survival of plant genera & fauna.
The-endangered species are protected in the 11 national parks, 13 wild life reserves and 18 controlled hunting areas. Ethiopia has more than 862 species of birds, 277 species of mammals, 200 species of reptiles, 148 species of fish, 63 species of amphibians and thousands of plants specimens.